Turkey—where Europe and Asia meet to form “the cradle of civilization”—is yours to discover on this exclusive 15-day tour. Begin your journey in Istanbul, Turkey’s cultural and spiritual heart. Enjoy the city’s astonishing and legendary Blue Mosque, Hagia Sofia, and Topkapi Palace, one of the world’s richest museums. Travel south to the sacred World War I battlefield of Gallipoli, ferry across the Dardanelles to Troy, and explore the wealth of Greco-Roman ruins at ancient Pergamum. Spend a full day at Turkey’s best-preserved classical city, Ephesus. Among its treasures are the grand Library of Celsus and a 25,000-seat amphitheater with excellent acoustics and splendid views. Then spend four nights aboard your privately chartered gulet yacht.  Cruise the exquisite Turquoise Coast, relaxing and discovering hidden sights, quaint fishing villages and remote ruins.  End your journey in the beautiful seaside resort of Antalya, with side trips to ancient Perge and Aspendos.

Program Highlights

  • Discover exotic Istanbul, including Blue Mosque, Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sofia;
  • Cruise the lovely Bosphorus, the world’s narrowest strait used for international navigation;
  • View the World War I battlefield of Gallipoli;
  • Explore the ruins at ancient Troy, Pergamum and Ephesus;
  • Take a four-night cruise along the Turquoise Coast aboard a privately chartered guletyacht;
  • Visit secluded coves and hidden sites that few visitors see;
  • Go swimming, snorkeling, hiking if you like;
  • See the sunken Baths of Cleopatra;
  • Visit a sixth-century Byzantine monastery on Gemiler Island;
  • View the ancient sites of Perge, Aspendos and Myra;
  • Make a three-night stay in the Mediterranean resort of Antalya;
  • Trip limited to 28 participants.


Lisa Reilly, Professor of Architectural History

Lisa ReillyLisa Reilly’s chief research interest is in the history of Norman architecture in England, France and Italy. Ms. Reilly publishes and lectures chiefly on Norman architecture and is currently preparing a book on Norman visual culture throughout the Romanesque world. Her interests also include medievalism and the understanding of the Middle Ages by later eras. Recent research and public lectures have also discussed Arthur Kingsley Porter as well as changes in the presentation of art history through museum display in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. With Karen Van Lengen, Ms. Reilly wrote Campus Guide: Vassar College for Princeton Architectural Press. She is also a resident fellow at the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities at the University of Virginia. Her research project investigates the medieval design process using digital analysis (http://www.medievalarchitecture.org/). In addition to teaching an introduction to architecture, upper level courses on Norman Art and Architecture, Sicily, the Concept of the Medieval, and Durham Cathedral, Ms. Reilly is a member of the board of directors of the International Center for Medieval Art and chair of its publications committee. Ms. Reilly held the NEH/Horace Goldsmith Distinguished Teaching Chair of Art and Architectural History from 1999–2002. Ms. Reilly co-teaches a course entitled “Renaissance Art on Site” in Florence and Rome during U.Va.’s January term


1 -

Depart the U.S. for Istanbul, Turkey

Depart the United States early this evening on your flight bound for Istanbul.

2 -

Arrive Istanbul

After arriving late this morning, you’ll meet your Odysseys Unlimited Tour Director and transfer to your hotel. There’s time to unpack and have a short rest before joining your Tour Director late this afternoon for an informative briefing about the journey ahead. We’ll then take a short walking tour of the Taksim Square area (the heart of modern Istanbul near our hotel) and continue on to a local restaurant where we get our first taste of traditional Turkish cuisine during our welcome dinner.
Hilton Istanbul (D)
Please note: The scheduled day and times for the briefing and welcome dinner are subject to change (one or both may occur on Day 3), based on airline flight schedules and arrival times in Istanbul.

3 -


It’s our first full day in Istanbul, and there’s much on the agenda. This legendary city, divided by the Bosphorus, separates Europe from Asia and makes this a place where East and West meet in a fascinating melding of cultures. We cross over Galata Bridge, which spans the Golden Horn, and tour Old Istanbul, home of splendid mosques and magnificent palaces. Our first stop here is the ancient Hippodrome, where chariot races once took place. We continue on to the marvelous Blue Mosque, topped by six slender minarets. Inside is one of the world’s great collections of blue Isnik tiles (20,000 of them), along with 260 stained glass windows. Next we visit famed Hagia Sophia, which was the world’s grandest cathedral when it was built in 537 A.D.; it was converted into a mosque in the 15th century and is now a museum.

We enjoy lunch together at a local restaurant in the old town and dine on traditional Turkish fare. Then we tour splendid Topkapi Palace, dramatically set on a promontory with remarkable views over the Bosphorus. This vast palace, the home of Ottoman sultans, once housed as many as 4,000 royals, courtiers and hangers-on. Among other magnificent artifacts on display here we see priceless paintings, jewel-encrusted swords and delicate porcelains. Dinner tonight is on your own.
Hilton Istanbul (B, L)

4 -


On this morning’s tour we encounter the vast Grand Bazaar, one of the world’s largest covered markets with some 4,000 shops and stalls selling goods of all kinds, including jewelry, pottery, leather and Turkish delicacies. From here we visit the Spice Market, with exotic spices, nuts and dried fruits from around the world. We then tour the renowned Museum of Turkish and Islamic Art housing artifacts from the Ottoman (14th–20th centuries), Seljuk (11th–13th centuries), and earlier periods beginning in the eighth century. In the restored Palace of Ibrahim Pasha, the museum displays both everyday items and ancient pieces of art including carvings of wood, glass and stone. Next we cruise on the Bosphorus Strait, the waterway that separates Europe from Asia. We stop in the village of Ortakoy, known for its trendy art scene, cafés and boutiques as well as its historic mosques and synagogues. There’s time to explore and have lunch on your own here before we return to our hotel mid-afternoon. The remainder of the day and evening is at leisure; tonight you have your choice of many excellent restaurants for dinner on your own.
Hilton Istanbul (B)

5 -

Istanbul / Gallipoli / Troy / Assos

We rise early to begin our full day of travel to the northern Aegean Coast for a brief visit to Gallipoli, where in 1915 Allied troops faced the Turkish army led by Lieutenant-Colonel Mustafa Kemal, also known as Ataturk, the man who later became the leader of modern Turkey. Large numbers of casualties were suffered here, and we pay our respects to those who gave their lives as we visit ANZAC Beach Cemetery. Then we travel across the Straits of the Dardanelles to Troy, once believed to have existed only in Homer’s epic poem. But Heinrich Schliemann discovered the real Troy in the 1870s; indeed, excavations have revealed the remnants of at least nine civilizations here dating back 5,000 years. After an exploration of the ruins and relics here, we continue on to Behramkale, ancient Assos, where we spend the night.

Please note: Because of the Nazlihan Hotel’s small rooms and limited space, and in addition to your one piece of checked luggage, you will need to bring a smaller, soft-sided “carry” bag for your overnight stay in Assos. This additional bag should be small and flexible enough to fit inside your checked luggage.
Nazlihan Hotel (B, L, D)

6 -

Assos / Pergamum / Kusadasi

This morning we depart for Pergamum, once one of the richest small kingdoms in Asia Minor, which housed one of the world’s largest collections of books. Here we visit the magnificent Acropolis, which contains the ruins of Pergamum’s acclaimed 200,000-volume library, so large it challenged the world’s greatest library in Alexandria, Egypt. In fact, the Egyptians were so afraid that Pergamum would attract scholars away from Alexandria that they cut off the area’s supply of papyrus, forcing the invention of pergamen (Latin for parchment), made from animal hides rather than papyrus reed. Along with the library, the Acropolis also boasts a great theater seating 10,000 and the marble-columned Temple of Trajan. Below the theater lie the ruins of the Temple of Dionysus along with the Altar of Zeus, in a marvelous setting shaded by evergreen trees. Much of Pergamum has been lovingly restored; it is now considered one of the premier ancient sites in Turkey. After enjoying our lunch in a typical Turkish kebab restaurant, we continue on to Asclepieum, a sanctuary and healing center built in the fourth century B.C. in the name of Asclepius, god of healing. Later this afternoon we travel to Kusadasi and our hotel, where we dine together tonight.
Kismet Hotel (B, L, D)

7 -

Kusadasi / Ephesus

Today we visit Ephesus, perhaps the world’s best-preserved ancient city. In Roman times, Ephesus was the provincial capital of Asia, with a population of 250,000 at the height of its glory. An important Christian community arose here, and Ephesus was visited by St. Paul, who later wrote one of his epistles to the Ephesians. Perhaps its greatest claim to fame is the fact that Ephesus once housed the Temple of Diana, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Today the magnificently preserved ruins attract visitors from across the globe. A full day of touring here includes the immense theater that holds 24,000 people and is still used today. We’ll walk along the Sacred Way, where the rich once lived and where an ingenious water and sewer system was constructed beneath paving stones of marble; see the Temple of Hadrian, a Corinthian-style building with the head of Medusa on the porch to keep away evil spirits; and admire the Library of Celsus, which once held 12,000 ancient scrolls. Before enjoying lunch in the beautiful rustic village of Sirince, we’ll visit the Ephesus Archaeological Museum, filled with statuary, ancient relics, mosaics and artifacts excavated from the site. We return to our hotel late this afternoon and dine there together this evening.
Kismet Hotel (B, L, D)

8 -

Kusadasi / Göcek

Today we continue our journey south, stopping along the way to see a demonstration of the ancient art of carpet weaving at a local factory. Then we’ll stop in a local village for lunch before we continue on to Göcek, arriving this afternoon in the serene port town set at the most inland point of the Gulf of Fethiye. Here we board our 14-guest gulet, a replica of a traditional Turkish fishing boat. Today’s gulets are built with modern comforts in mind, containing small but cozy cabins with private bath and shower, public areas and broad decks in an area approximately 85 feet long and 21 feet wide. Beautiful craftsmanship combined with ancient artistry makes the gulet the perfect vessel in which to cruise the waters of the Turquoise Coast. After settling in to your cabin, you’ll enjoy your first dinner on board, prepared by the ship’s crew with fresh local ingredients. Tonight you may wish to join others sleeping on deck under the stars.
Gulet yacht (B, L, D)

9 -

Cruising–Aga Limani / Cleopatra Baths

Our route for the next few days is along the coastline that Mark Antony is said to have given Cleopatra as a wedding gift. Named for the brilliant color of its waters, the Turquoise Coast is nature’s gift to all those who travel here. The swimming is glorious, in crystal clear waters that afford views into the depths. With the scent of eucalyptus perfuming the air, and forested mountains as our backdrop, we begin our “Blue Voyage” by traveling this morning to the hidden cove of Aga Limani where an optional hike of approximately three hours along an herb-scented trail brings us to Lydea, a little-known Greco-Roman site. The hike concludes at the Sunken Baths of Cleopatra, built in a breathtaking inlet by Mark Antony for the last Egyptian pharaoh. Please note that parts of this hike can be strenuous, and the trail has a fair amount of gravel and rock. Please consult with your tour director if you have concerns about your ability to participate safely on this hike. If you prefer a less strenuous day, you can choose to stay on board the gulet as it sails to the Sunken Baths to meet up with the hikers. There’s plenty on board with which to keep occupied, including games, cards or simply chatting with your fellow guests.
Gulet yacht (B, L, D)

10 -

Cruising / Dalyan River

This morning we disembark and drive to Dalyan, an environmentally protected area where we board a small skiff for a trip through an intriguing maze of channels. At the Lake of Koycegiz, we see our first Lycian rock tombs. These relics, which stretched along the Mediterranean coast from Koycegiz in the west to Antalya in the east, are the few remaining artifacts of this great culture. After lunch in a local restaurant, we drive to our gulet in Fethiye Bay where we anchor for the night.
Gulet yacht (B, L, D)

11 -

Cruising / Gemiler / Kayakoy

Today we sail to our next anchorage, Gemiler Island, where we disembark for a tour of the sixth-century Byzantine monastery here. After lunch on board, we disembark and drive to the Greek “ghost town” of Kayakoy, deserted after World War I and the Turkish War of Independence. Residents abandoned approximately 2,000 stone houses that are now restored and preserved as a historical monument. We’ll explore the town and its two churches, which still retain some of their painted decoration and mosaic floors. Later we return to our gulet and remain anchored in Gemiler tonight, our last night on board.

Gulet yacht (B, L, D)

12 -

Cruising / Fethiye / Demre / Myra / Antalya

This morning we sail to Fethiye, where we disembark, bid farewell to our gulet crew and board a motorcoach for the long drive to Antalya. Along the way we stop in Demre to tour the ancient site of Myra, with an extremely well-preserved Roman theater and striking Lycian tombs (including one topped with a dramatic deathbed scene). As a point of interest, Demre is where the legend of Father Christmas (“Noel Baba” in Turkish) is said to have originated with a Christian bishop who gave dowries to penniless girls. The bishop became known as St. Nicholas. We also visit Demre’s 12th-century Church of St. Nicholas, whose last major renovations in 1862 were sponsored by Czar Nicholas I of Russia. After lunch here we continue our drive to Antalya along the beautiful Turquoise Coast. Late this afternoon we reach our hotel, splendidly perched on a cliff at the edge of the sea. We enjoy dinner together at the hotel.
Divan Talya Hotel (B, L, D)

13 -


This morning we take a walking orientation tour of Antalya, where we see the resort city’s Old Town, the extravagantly carved Hadrian’s Gate, and the lovely Yivli (“fluted”) Minaret. Then we board a coach for the ride to Antalya’s Archaeological Museum, which chronicles the history of the area through a wealth of ancient artifacts discovered locally. Of special interest here is the “God Gallery,” housing statues of 15 gods from Aphrodite to Zeus.  We return to our hotel in time for lunch on your own. The remainder of the day is at leisure; you may wish to indulge in an authentic Turkish bath! Dinner tonight will be at a local Turkish restaurant in Antalya.
Divan Talya Hotel (B, D)

14 -

Antalya / Perge / Aspendos

This morning we set off for a tour of the once-thriving Roman city of Perge, which reached its pinnacle during the era of Alexander the Great. Among the outstanding ruins here are the ancient shopping arcade, the awe-inspiring 12,000-seat stadium, and a 15,000-seat theater. Then we move on to Aspendos, whose huge theater is considered one of the best preserved in all of antiquity. We return to Antalya in time for lunch on your own and an afternoon at leisure before we gather for a farewell dinner at the hotel tonight.
Divan Talya Hotel (B, D)

15 -

Return to U.S.

If you are returning today to the United States, you will transfer early this morning to the airport for your connecting flight to the U.S. If you are joining the optional extension to Cappadocia and Ankara, please see below.

Since space is limited aboard the gulet, suitcases must be placed under beds or in irregular spaces. It will be very helpful if your luggage is flexible (duffel bag variety) rather than hard-sided. In addition, we ask guests to wear clean soft-soled shoes aboard ship in order to prevent scuffing of the ship’s hardwood floors. These should be a different pair than what you wear when out exploring during the day; any smooth soft-soled footwear such as boat or deck shoes, tennis shoes, sandals or slippers is fine. Last, you may wish to pack a washcloth for your time on the gulet.

In addition, this trip involves considerable walking on uneven or cobblestone streets and at sites of ancient ruins, as well as on stops during the gulet cruise. You should be in good physical condition to enjoy the tour to the fullest.

We will do our best to adhere to our printed itinerary. Occasionally, though, unexpected obstacles, and opportunities, may arise that will force us to deviate from the itinerary as written. We would ask you to be open minded and flexible should we vary the itinerary slightly. In addition, please note that airline schedules are subject to change. We will provide you with updated flight information closer to your departure.

For Land Only Guests
If you choose to purchase Odysseys Unlimited’s Legendary Turkey tour as “land only,” you will be making your own international air arrangements and will join the tour at the first hotel.

While airport transfers and luggage handling at the arrival and departure airports are not included when you purchase a tour as land only, you are welcome to join our motorcoach transfer to the hotel. This service will be provided to you on a complimentary basis.

To join in the transfer, you must be at the Istanbul airport concurrent with the group of arriving Odysseys Unlimited guests. Look for our representative holding an Odysseys Unlimited sign and you will be directed to the motorcoach. Please note that you must be present when the coach is preparing to leave.

Several different flights may be used for Legendary Turkey; however, to take advantage of the complimentary transfer you should be present for the following flight arrival:

Day 1
Day 2
Depart New York
Arrive Istanbul
4:30 p.m.
9:55 a.m.
Turkish Airlines Flight 2

Please remember that all flights and schedules are subject to change.

Upon the tour’s completion, you are also welcome to join the group transfer to the airport for your flight home.

For Guests Taking Odysseys Unlimited’s


Day 15Thursday, September 16
Transfer to Cappadocia

Guests who are joining our optional extension to Cappadocia and Ankara will have a full-day motorcoach transfer via historic Konya, where we’ll stop for a visit to the Mevlana Museum, home of Turkey’s renowned Whirling Dervishes—a mystic order whose members dance wildly to free themselves from earthly bondage. We’ll have lunch here before continuing on to Cappadocia in central Turkey. Renowned for its awe-inspiring natural rock formations—which were utilized for everything from housing to churches and even complete underground villages—Cappadocia is as magical today as it was when early farmers discovered the fertile powers of the volcanic ash that covered the area thousands of years ago. Cappadocia became a haven for the first Christians, who ultimately carved more than 3,000 churches in the porous rock, painting many of them inside with splendidly preserved scenes from the Old Testament. We reach Cappadocia late this afternoon, and enjoy a buffet dinner this evening at the hotel.
Uchisar Kaya Hotel (B, L, D)

Days 16 and 17Friday, September 17, and Saturday, September 18

For the next two days, we’ll explore more of this unique region. We tour the rock churches of the Goreme Valley, including the open-air museum with eighth-century murals and the refuge of Kaymakli, which was constructed over a period of centuries and provided a safe haven for Turks during times of war and conflict. A maze of tunnels reaching four stories deep, this underground city held as many as 3,000 people who were able to breathe thanks to a ventilation system that allowed fresh air into the complex structure. We also visit the vast Zelve Valley complex of caves laced with dwellings, churches and public spaces where villagers lived until just 50 years ago, and marvel at the fairy-tale chimneys at Pasabag and the troglodyte villages of Cavusin and Uchisar.

During a stop in the charming town of Avanos we watch local craftspeople as they practice their arts, which include fashioning beautiful hand-colored pottery and weaving rugs of natural colored wool, a regional specialty that has been perfected by the Turks over many hundreds of years and continues to be passed down from generation to generation. We dine both evenings at the hotel.

For those who wish, an optional early morning balloon ride is available on Day 17 (at additional cost). The ride offers an unparalleled view of the lunar-like landscape and may be reserved on-site during your stay. At the time of printing, the cost of the balloon ride is approximately $225 per person.
Uchisar Kaya Hotel (B, L, D)

Day 18Sunday, September 19
Transfer to Ankara

This morning we board a motorcoach for the half-day transfer to Ankara, Turkey’s capital. Upon arrival we visit the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, where we will gain insights into Turkey’s fascinating past. One of the exhibits dates back to the earliest known human community, and takes us through civilizations that include the Urartu, Hattie, Hittite, Phrygian and Assyrian. The building itself dates from the 15th century and is a restored covered market. As we tour the museum, we will bring together all we have learned about Turkey and its people during our 2½ weeks of traveling. Tonight we gather one last time for a farewell dinner at the hotel.
Ankara Hilton (B, D)

Day 19Monday, September 20
Depart Ankara for the U.S.
Early this morning, you’ll transfer to the airport for your connecting flight to the United States.

We will do our best to adhere to our printed itinerary. Occasionally, though, unexpected obstacles, and opportunities, may arise that will force us to deviate from the itinerary as written. We would ask you to be open minded and flexible should we vary the itinerary slightly. In addition, please note that airline schedules are subject to change. We will provide you with updated flight information closer to your departure.


Site Stay Accommodations HTI Rating*
Istanbul 3 nights Hilton Istanbul Superior First Class
Assos/Troy 1 night Nazlihan Hotel Unrated
Kusadasi 2 nights Kismet Hotel First Class
Coastal Cruise 4 nights Private Gulet Yacht Unrated
Antalya 3 nights Divan Talya Hotel Superior First Class


33 meals: 13 breakfasts, nine lunches, 11 dinners

Program Fees

$4,295 air, land and cruise inclusive from New York
$4,595 air, land and cruise inclusive from Washington Dulles
$4,695 air, land and cruise inclusive from Charlottesville
$3,795 land only program; arrival and departure transfers not included
$995 single supplement
Please call for prices from other cities. Prices are per person based on double occupancy in outside cabin. Business Class upgrade on international flight is available on a request basis—please call for details. Airline taxes and departure fees of $397 per person are billed separately and subject to change.

Five-day/four-night post-tour extension to Cappadocia and Ankara
$745 per person, double occupancy
$145 single supplement

Price Includes:

  • Round-trip air transportation from listed cities
  • 13 nights’ accommodations: nine nights in Superior First Class, First Class, and unrated hotels; four nights aboard privately chartered gulet yacht
  • 33 meals: 13 breakfasts, nine lunches, 11 dinners
  • Extensive sightseeing as described, including all entrance fees
  • Services of an professional tour director
  • Private motorcoach transportation throughout your trip
  • Luggage handling for one bag per person
  • Gratuities for dining room servers, airport and hotel porters and all drivers

Price Does Not Include: Airfare from your hometown to your gateway city and return; costs of passports and visas; airport, port, and departure taxes, which will be listed as separate items on your invoice and are subject to change; personal expenses such as beverages, laundry, room service and meals not specified; excess baggage fees; communication charges; gratuities to your Odysseys Unlimited Tour Director and shipboard personnel, which are at your discretion; optional sightseeing and travel protection insurance.

General Terms & Conditions

Please read this information carefully, as a payment of a $500 deposit per person represents your acceptance of the following Terms and Conditions.

Not Included in Tour Price: Airfare from your hometown to your gateway city and return; costs of passports and visas; airport, port, and departure taxes, which will be listed as separate items on your invoice and are subject to change; personal expenses such as beverages, laundry, room service, and meals not specified; excess baggage fees; communication charges; gratuities to your Odysseys Unlimited Tour Director and shipboard personnel, which are at your discretion (suggested gratuity for your Odysseys Unlimited Tour Director: $10–$15 per day per traveler); optional sightseeing; and travel protection insurance.

Cancellation and Refunds: If you must cancel your trip, the effective date of cancellation will be upon our receipt of your written notification. Refunds for cancellations are subject to the following per person charges: Cancel 95 days or more before departure: $200 charge; Cancel 94–65 days before departure: 50% of tour price; Cancel 64–30 days before departure: 75% of tour price; Cancel 29–0 days before departure: No refund. If a guest makes any changes within 94 and 30 days prior to departure to either their departure city and/or the optional post-tour extension, Odysseys Unlimited, Inc. will apply a $100 per person administrative fee, in addition to any fees or penalties imposed by third parties. No changes are allowed within 30 days of departure.

Upon reservation you must provide your full legal name as it appears on your passport. In the event an airline ticket is issued with incorrect information you have provided, you will be responsible for charges associated with the ticket’s reissue.

Responsibility: The liability of the University of Virginia, as sponsor, and Odysseys Unlimited, Inc., as tour operator, is strictly limited. The University of Virginia and Odysseys Unlimited, Inc. purchase transportation, hotel accommodations, restaurant and other services from independent suppliers not under our control. We serve only as agents for these suppliers in securing tour arrangements, and therefore will not accept responsibility for wrongful, negligent, or arbitrary acts or omissions of these independent contractors, their employees, agents, servants or representatives. The University of Virginia and Odysseys Unlimited, Inc. are not liable for injury, damage, loss, accident, or delay that may be caused by events not within our control, including without limitation, acts of terrorism, war, strikes, the defect of any vehicle, or the negligence or default of any third party. All coupons, receipts, and tickets issued are subject to the terms and conditions specified by the air carriers, cruise line, and other independent suppliers. We will make every effort to operate our tours as planned, but we reserve the right to make itinerary changes as necessary. If unforeseen circumstances require us to change a hotel, we will select alternative accommodations of the same or better quality. If you choose to make your own air arrangements, Odysseys Unlimited, Inc. shall not have any liability for any loss resulting from cancellation of this tour or changes in this tour.

Health and Medical Issues: We request that you be in fairly good health to participate in an Odysseys Unlimited tour. There is a considerable amount of walking, and you must be able to get on and off motorcoaches and boats on your own. If you require the use of a wheelchair or have other personal needs, you must be accompanied by a companion who will assist you. We reserve the right to remove anyone whose physical or mental condition, in our opinion, compromises the operation of the tour or detracts from the enjoyment or safety of the other passengers. In that event, Odysseys Unlimited and the University of Virginia assume no financial responsibility for any unused portion of the tour.