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Musings on Free Speech in Higher Education

 

Written by David T. Gies, Commonwealth Professor of Spanish, College and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences; Editor of DIECIOCHO; Corresponding Member of the Spanish Royal Academy

 

Last year, I announced my retirement from UVA, effective May 2018. Yes, I know that I am now merely a statistic, one of dozens of senior scholars and teachers my age who are choosing to move away from The Lawn. The decision encourages me to reflect on the many (38) years I have had the privilege of laboring at Mr. Jefferson’s University. All of the clichés you normally hear are true: it’s a great place to work, the students are terrific, the vision is exciting, the colleagues and staff are supportive, and —in case you haven’t noticed— the place is dazzlingly gorgeous.

I worry, however, about some trends we detect in higher ed today. These are movements that encourage students (and their parents) to dismiss the media as Fake News, that censor or ban controversial speakers (whether they come from the left or the right), that attempt to protect students from “discomfort” or from being “offended” in the classroom, or that close down discussions because the topic is deemed to be too provocative or sensitive or troubling. We read examples of such behaviors and concerns daily, not only in the mainstream media, but also in professional publications such as The Chronicle of Higher Education or Inside Higher Ed.

I teach in the Department of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese, which is housed in the newly-renovated New Cabell Hall. Emblazoned on the wall of the building are Mr. Jefferson’s prescient words, “Here we are not afraid to follow truth wherever it may lead nor to tolerate any error so long as reason is left free to combat it.” In keeping with that spirit, on the door of my office I have posted a statement from the University of Chicago that suggests, “Education should not be intended to make people comfortable, it is made to make them think.” I believe this is a fundamental truth of education as a whole, and of higher education in particular. We, as thinking and educated adults, need to open ourselves to “the other” and to debate, argue against and challenge ideas that make us uncomfortable. Indeed, I would suggest that this is the only way to grow intellectually. If we do not expose ourselves to ideas that make us uncomfortable or that challenge us, we remain mired in a self-limiting circle of sameness.  I think Mr. Jefferson believed that as well.

What is the line between protecting ourselves from offensive (even disgusting) ideas and censorship? When does free speech become merely free speech for ME and for those who believe what I believe?

These comments might be read as the musings of an out-dated, cranky, old, and (almost) retired professor. (I might be forced to confess to at least some of these designations). Yet, free thinking and free speech are the absolute bedrocks of education, and I would urge us all —parents, students, professors, and administrators— not to legislate too restrictively the sensitivities of others. If you disagree with something, then discuss it, read about it, inform yourself, marshal your arguments, convince your interlocutor, and lay out your own ideas in a compelling manner. You will be stronger for it, not weaker.

Let your reason make you free.

Or, if all else fails, call your mother.

Thoughts on “Musings on Free Speech in Higher Education

    Fresh air comment, graciously written, to open eyes about those in office methodically working to legislate away our basic freedoms, deny our ideals, and turn this country into another dictatorship, sending the country back to the scurrilous divisions and self-serving hatreds of 1859. They will bring themselves down under their own scurrilous platform, and go the way of Joe McCarthy who was taken down in 1954 by the famous comment from the exasperated lawyer: “Sir, do you not have any sense of dignity, at long last, have you no sense of common decency?”

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    Bravo!!! At long last !

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    I was one of those fortunate individuals who had David Gies as his mentor. He taught me to think, to research, to discover, and to understand what I studied. Those ideals have governed my life and career. I have discovered that no matter how much a person wishes to define themselves as either conservative or liberal or centrist, the truth is that these are sliding definitions, and should be. I learned from David that a thinking person will never accept the status quo or restrict their ability to consider the “other” and its place in society. I am grateful for the education that I received from this amazing scholar and teacher.

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    Well said David and welcome to the group of nearly new retirees. I start in January.

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    I am not aware of any leftist speakers being censored or banned, but I appreciate Professor Gies’ comments.

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    Excellent. August 12 we had a clear demonstration of when “speech” becomes “intimidation.”

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